The “cartazes” licensing system was created in 1502 to control and enforce the Portuguese trade monopoly over a wide area in the Indian Ocean, taking advantage of local commerce: the cartaz was issued by the Portuguese at a low cost, granting merchant ships protection against pirates and rival states, which then …
Why did the Portuguese transform maritime trade?
The Portuguese transformed maritime trade in Indian Ocean in the sixteenth century by taxing non-Portuguese ships that traded in the region.
Why did Portugal gain a lead in early maritime voyages of exploration in the Indian Ocean How did they gain supremacy over that region despite being a tiny country how did they lose that supremacy and to whom?
Portugal was leading the way in the early days of oceanic exploration due to their development of sailing innovations, along with the strong support provided by their government, including the overseas enthusiast Prince Henry.
What did the Portuguese attempt to achieve?
The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India. The second voyage to India was dispatched in 1500 under Pedro Álvares Cabral.
Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success?
Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success in their first voyage? When da Gama finally met the leader of Calicut, the conference went badly. The Portuguese had brought few goods of value to India, and the ruler expected gold in return for the spices that da Gama desired.