Portugal had a monopoly of the highly profitable Eastern trade for nearly a century. In India, Portugal established her trading settlements at Cochin, Goa, Diu, and Daman.
Which was the first trade Centre of Portuguese in India?
When the Portuguese penetrated the Indian Ocean in the late 15th century and reached India’s southwestern coast, the Portuguese navigator Pedro Álvares Cabral founded the first European settlement on Indian soil at Kochi in 1500.
Which are the trade Centres of Portuguese in Kerala?
Kochi, Kodungalloor, and Kannur were the major centers of the Portuguese. They constructed forts at these three places. They housed their soldiers and warehouses inside the forts.
How did the Portuguese established trading centers in India?
Vasco da Gama came to India for the second time in 1501 with 20 ships and founded a trading centre at Cannanore. One after another, they established factories at Calicut and Cochin. King Zamorin attacked the Portuguese in Cochin but was defeated. Cochin was the first capital of the Portuguese East India Company.
Where did the Portuguese built their trading center?
They were followed in 1527 by Dominican missionaries, and eight years later a Portuguese port and trading centre were established at Faifo (modern Hoi An), south of present-day Da Nang.
Why did Portuguese fail in India?
The religious policy of the Portuguese was also responsible for their ruin. The establishment of the Mughal Empire was also partly responsible for the downfall of the Portuguese in India. The rise of the Dutch and English powers also created strong rivals in the country. They were more than a match for the Portuguese.
What is the old name of Kerala?
A treaty brought it under British protection in 1795. Travancore was known for its relatively high literacy rate and its progressive government. After Indian independence, Travancore and Cochin (now Kochi) merged to form the state of Travancore-Cochin; boundaries were redrawn, and it was renamed Kerala in 1956.
Who ruled Goa before Portuguese?
It was ruled by the Kadamba dynasty from the 2nd century ce to 1312 and by Muslim invaders of the Deccan from 1312 to 1367. The city was then annexed by the Hindu kingdom of Vijayanagar and was later conquered by the Bahmanī sultanate, which founded Old Goa on the island in 1440.