The Portuguese discovery of the sea route to India was the first recorded trip directly from Europe to India, via the Cape of Good Hope. Under the command of Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama, it was undertaken during the reign of King Manuel I in 1495–1499.
How did the Portuguese reach India?
Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.
Why did the Portuguese sail directly to India?
The aim of Portugal in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
What trade route did Vasco da Gama establish?
“Vasco da Gama Establishes the First Ocean Trade Route from Europe to India and Asia .” Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. .
Why did Portuguese fail in India?
The religious policy of the Portuguese was also responsible for their ruin. The establishment of the Mughal Empire was also partly responsible for the downfall of the Portuguese in India. The rise of the Dutch and English powers also created strong rivals in the country. They were more than a match for the Portuguese.
Who came to India after Portuguese?
Hence various navigators like Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci and many others went in search for a new route to Asia. The 1st person to reach India circumnavigating the Cape of Good Hope was Portuguese navigator VASCO-DA-GAMA.
European Powers That Came To India.
|Came to India||1498|
What things did Portuguese take back to Europe?
Calico: When the Portuguese first came to India in search of spices, they landed in Calicut on the Kerala coast in South-West India. The cotton textiles which they took back to Europe, along with the spices, came to be called “Calico” which was derived from Calicut.
Which product did Portuguese explorers bring back from Africa to Europe?
He returned to Portugal in June 1501. Portugal’s explorers changed Europeans’ understanding of the world in several ways. They explored the coasts of Africa and brought back gold and enslaved Africans. They also found a sea route to India.