In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.
How did Portugal impact Indian Ocean trade in the 16th and 17th centuries?
The Portuguese displaced Asian traders who had supplied spices to Red Sea and Persian Gulf ports for onward sale to Venetian, Genoese and Catalan traders. … Malacca, the port which controlled trade and shipping from India to Indonesia and China, was captured in 1511 and kept until 1641 when it was taken by the Dutch.
Who were the major influences in Indian Ocean trade?
Muslim traders out of East Africa, the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent were the major beneficiaries of this growth in international trade and increasingly they came to dominate the major sea-routes eastwards from India to the Malay World whose spices were in great demand in India, the Middle East and Europe.
Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success?
Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success in their first voyage? When da Gama finally met the leader of Calicut, the conference went badly. The Portuguese had brought few goods of value to India, and the ruler expected gold in return for the spices that da Gama desired.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Who sold African slaves to the Portuguese?
Benin’s conflict over slavery is particularly intense. For over 200 years, powerful kings in what is now the country of Benin captured and sold slaves to Portuguese, French and British merchants.
Was Portugal ever a world power?
From the late Middle Ages, in the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal ascended to the status of a world power during Europe’s “Age of Discovery” as it built up a vast empire, including possessions in South America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. … It entered the European Economic Community (now the European Union) in 1986.
What impacts did the Indian Ocean trade have?
Contact: As all trade networks did, the Indian Ocean trade fostered the exchange of ideas, such as Buddhism to Southeast Asia, and Islam across Eurasia.
What diseases were spread on the Indian Ocean trade?
. David Arnold in ‘The Indian Ocean as a Disease Zone, 1500-1950′ discusses the diffusion of cholera, smallpox, plague and influenza in the Indian Ocean area.