In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. Gold and diamonds were also extracted from these colonies.
What countries did Portugal colonize?
Portugal was one of the earliest European colonizing countries. It colonized Goa (India), East Timor, and Macau ( China), in Asia. Mozambique, Angola,…
Did Portugal have colonies in Africa?
By the late eighteenth century, the Portuguese had managed to retain in Africa only the small colonies of Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, and São Tomé and Princípe in West Africa and the much more extensive but largely undeveloped colonies of Angola and Mozambique in southern Africa.
Did Germany colonize Africa?
Germany established colonies in South Africa in 1884 following the unification of Germany into a politically and administratively nation. Germany’s reign of imperialism lasted all the way up until 1914 which led to genocide, war, colonization, and invasion that greatly affected the native people for many years to come.
How many countries did Portugal colonize?
Portugal’s Empire Spanned the Planet
Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world. The Portuguese created colonies for numerous reasons: To trade for spices, gold, agricultural products, and other resources.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Did Germany colonize any country?
Germany’s colonies included Togo, Cameroon, German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia), German East Africa (present-day Tanzania), three territories that are now in Papua New Guinea (Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the German Solomon Islands), and several territories in the Pacific: the Marshall …
Which country speaks Portuguese in Africa?
The Portuguese-speaking African countries, also known as Lusophone Africa, consist of six African countries in which the Portuguese language is an official language: Angola, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe and, since 2011, Equatorial Guinea.
Did Spain have colonies in Africa?
The effective Spanish colonization of Africa was finally established in the first third of the 20th century. North Morocco, Ifni, the Tarfaya region, Western Sahara, and the territories of early-21st-century Equatorial Guinea comprised what broadly could be defined as Spanish colonial Africa.