One of the most powerful of the European colonial empires, the Portuguese Empire was ruled by an absolute monarch. The empire included colonies in coastal Africa, India, Indonesia, China, the Middle East, and South America.
What did the Portuguese do to establish an empire?
Creating an Empire
In 1139, the reconquista movement allowed Portugal to “reconquer” the Moorish territory in the Iberian Peninsula. … Because of Portugal’s 340 year head start, the country was able to begin naval exploration and colonization long before other countries in continental Europe.
Was Portugal colonized or a colonizer?
Portugal, in the 20th century the poorest and least developed of the western European powers, was the first nation (with Spain) to establish itself as a colonial power and the last to give up its colonial possessions. In Portuguese Africa during the authoritarian regime of…
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
How did the Portuguese control the spice trade?
How did the Portuguese control the spice trade? They did it by using their sea power to set up colonies, setting up the Dutch East India Company, and establishing permanent ties with locals. … They were not interested in any European trade items.
What resources did Portugal want from Brazil?
It added cotton and tobacco to sugar, gold, and diamonds on its list of exports. As the interior opened so did the opportunities for cattle ranching. Still, Portugal’s policies tended toward stripping Brazil of its resources rather than developing a truly local economy.
What was a negative effect of Portuguese colonization in Brazil?
What was a negative effect of Portuguese colonization in Brazil? Native peoples died from European diseases.