Frequent question: Why did Portugal go to the Indian Ocean?

The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India. … Portugal’s purpose in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade.

Did Portugal colonize the Indian Ocean?

For almost a century (1500–1600), the Portuguese held a monopoly on European exploration and trade in the Indian Ocean. … Goa was Portugal’s first territorial possession in Asia, captured by Afonso de Albuquerque in 1510, and it served as the main Portuguese base in the East for four and a half centuries.

Why was it important to find a water route from Portugal to India?

After Vasco da Gama found a way to the Indian Ocean around the tip of Africa, European monarchs were happy that they could get in on the spice trade while cutting out these interlopers. … Vasco da Gama tried to find a new route to Asia by traveling by water south from Portugal around Africa to try to reach Asia.

Why did Portuguese fail in India?

The religious policy of the Portuguese was also responsible for their ruin. The establishment of the Mughal Empire was also partly responsible for the downfall of the Portuguese in India. The rise of the Dutch and English powers also created strong rivals in the country. They were more than a match for the Portuguese.

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Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success?

Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success in their first voyage? When da Gama finally met the leader of Calicut, the conference went badly. The Portuguese had brought few goods of value to India, and the ruler expected gold in return for the spices that da Gama desired.

How did the Portuguese impact Indian Ocean trade?

In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.

What disease did America export to Europe?

Europeans brought deadly viruses and bacteria, such as smallpox, measles, typhus, and cholera, for which Native Americans had no immunity (Denevan, 1976). On their return home, European sailors brought syphilis to Europe.

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