Answer: The Portuguese maintain a monopoly for a century over European trade with India through the spice trade. … The Portuguese had a monopoly on the pepper trade through controlling the trade of pepper and other spices in Europe.
Why did the Portuguese want to keep a monopoly?
Spices were so important because they helped mask the flavor of not-so-fresh food. … Considering the high demand of spices, the supply was scarce which contributed to its high costs.
How Spain and Portugal were attempting to break the monopoly of Italian traders?
Meanwhile, Spain and Portugal were attempting to break the monopoly of Italian traders. They started encouraging courageous sailors to find a sea route to India. The invention of Compass, Astrolabes and Gunpowder provided further impetus to this venture.
How did Portugal establish a monopoly over trade in the Indian Ocean?
A settlement was established on Hispaniola (Haiti) as a result of his return visit the following year. … Superior naval power, in part the result of recent technological advances in armament, enabled the Portuguese to smash Moslem opposition in the Indian Ocean and thereby gain control of the spice trade.
Why did Spain and Portugal want to bypass Arab and Italian merchants?
By 1400 European Merchants and monarchs such as England, Spain, Portugal, and France wanted to bypass Italian Merchants. They found a new sea route to Asia. … European countries felt it was their duty to continue fighting Muslims and convert non-Christians.
How did the Portuguese enjoy monopoly in trade in India?
Portuguese and the Spice Trade. After Vasco de Gama discovered the sea route to India Portuguese ships monopolized the spice trade. … The price of pepper in Lisbon was one of what was when the pepper trade was controlled by Egyptian sultans. Portugal established a pepper monopoly by 1504.
How many countries did Portugal colonize?
Portugal’s empire, which survived for more than six centuries, was the first of the great European global empires and outlasted all others as well, surviving until 1999. Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world.
Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success?
Why did the Portuguese not enjoy more success in their first voyage? When da Gama finally met the leader of Calicut, the conference went badly. The Portuguese had brought few goods of value to India, and the ruler expected gold in return for the spices that da Gama desired.
What did the Portuguese attempt to achieve?
The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India. The second voyage to India was dispatched in 1500 under Pedro Álvares Cabral.