The Portuguese hoped they could find their own route to the Indies and break the Venetian stranglehold. Because of their ignorance of the large size of the African continent, the Portuguese were obsessed with conquering Morocco in North Africa, which they saw as a stepping stone to control the gold trade.
What was Portugal’s reason for exploration?
The aim of Portugal in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
Why was Portugal the first European country to embark on an exploration program?
Portugal became the first European nation to embark on a program of exploration. King John’s son, Prince Henry, was motivated by a crusading zeal to convert people to Christianity and an economic zeal to gain access to West Africa’s legendary sources of gold under took various voyages and expedition.
What was the main goal of the Portuguese empire?
The main Portuguese goal was trade, not colonization or conquest. Soon its ships were bringing into the European market highly valued gold, ivory, pepper, cotton, sugar, and slaves.
Which product did Portuguese explorers bring back from Africa to Europe?
He returned to Portugal in June 1501. Portugal’s explorers changed Europeans’ understanding of the world in several ways. They explored the coasts of Africa and brought back gold and enslaved Africans. They also found a sea route to India.
Why did Portugal and Spain Explore Asia?
The Portuguese also established trading ports in India and, after the conquest of Malacca, in the Spice Islands. … Like the Portuguese, Columbus’s goal had been to reach Asia to tap into the lucrative spice trade. Columbus instead reached a “New World,” and the Spanish found themselves exploring vast new lands.
Was a Portuguese a sailor?
Vasco da Gama was the first Portuguese sailor to discover the sea route between India and the West. He arrived in India in 1498.