Caravel, a light sailing ship of the 15th, 16th, and 17th centuries in Europe, much-used by the Spanish and Portuguese for long voyages. Apparently developed by the Portuguese for exploring the coast of Africa, the caravel’s chief excellence lay in its capacity for sailing to windward.
What ships did Spain use during the age of exploration?
Before the caravel was perfected, Iberians were relying on multiple ships: the barcha and barineles. These were in common use by the 15th century and were drawn upon to round Bojador, which took twelve years and fifteen voyages to complete. Both of these ships were utilized to continue further down the African coast.
What ships did the Portuguese make?
The caravel (Portuguese: caravela, IPA: [kɐɾɐˈvɛlɐ]) was a small highly-maneuverable sailing ship developed in the 15th century by the Portuguese to explore along the West African coast and into the Atlantic Ocean. The lateen sails gave it speed and the capacity for sailing windward (beating).
Where did the Spanish and Portuguese explore?
SPANISH EXPLORATION AND CONQUEST. The Spanish established the first European settlements in the Americas, beginning in the Caribbean and, by 1600, extending throughout Central and South America. Thousands of Spaniards flocked to the Americas seeking wealth and status.
Why did Portugal and Spain Explore Asia?
The Portuguese also established trading ports in India and, after the conquest of Malacca, in the Spice Islands. … Like the Portuguese, Columbus’s goal had been to reach Asia to tap into the lucrative spice trade. Columbus instead reached a “New World,” and the Spanish found themselves exploring vast new lands.
What caused the Age of Exploration to begin?
Why did the Age of Exploration begin? It began in the late 1400s. European countries wanted to find different trade routes to Asia. Portugal had taken over the sea route around Africa and the land route was dangerous.
Which product did Portuguese explorers bring back from Africa to Europe?
He returned to Portugal in June 1501. Portugal’s explorers changed Europeans’ understanding of the world in several ways. They explored the coasts of Africa and brought back gold and enslaved Africans. They also found a sea route to India.