Their goals were to expand Catholicism and to gain a commercial advantage over Portugal. To those ends, Ferdinand and Isabella sponsored extensive Atlantic exploration. … The Spanish monarchs knew that Portuguese mariners had reached the southern tip of Africa and sailed the Indian Ocean.
What was Portuguese expansion motivated by?
Motivated by curiosity, a desire to expand into new places, a longing to spread Christianity, and especially, a hope to tap into the lucrative Far East trade, Europeans of the 15th and 16th centuries looked outward and began to explore their world.
Why did the Portuguese wanted to explore the world?
They wanted to find a shorter, less difficult route to Asia so trade and commerce would be more profitable. … As European explorers came to the Americas seeking wealth and trade, the continents of Europe, Asia, and Africa were exchanging goods, ideas, and even diseases with the Americas.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
What did the Portuguese attempt to achieve?
The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India. The second voyage to India was dispatched in 1500 under Pedro Álvares Cabral.
Which product did Portuguese explorers bring back from Africa to Europe?
He returned to Portugal in June 1501. Portugal’s explorers changed Europeans’ understanding of the world in several ways. They explored the coasts of Africa and brought back gold and enslaved Africans. They also found a sea route to India.
Why did Portugal want colonies in Asia?
Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world. The Portuguese created colonies for numerous reasons: To trade for spices, gold, agricultural products, and other resources. To create more markets for Portuguese goods.
Why did Portuguese fail in India?
The Portuguese administration in India was very corrupt. The salaries of the officers were very low and they did not feel any hesitation to accept bribes from any quarter. The bulk of the Portuguese officers were selfish. … The result was that by slow degrees the Portuguese Empire in India disappeared.
Why did Spain fall behind?
Many different factors, including the decentralized political nature of Spain, inefficient taxation, a succession of weak kings, power struggles in the Spanish court and a tendency to focus on the American colonies instead of Spain’s domestic economy, all contributed to the decline of the Habsburg rule of Spain.