The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India. … Portugal’s purpose in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade.
Why was Portugal and Spain looking for a route to India?
Portugal under Henry the Navagator desired to find a route to the riches of India and China that was not dependent on the Ottoman Turks and the Italian City states. … Spain after the Reconquesta in 1492 wanted to have a share of the profitable trade with China and India.
What is the reason for discovering sea route to India?
Europeans had to pay money to the people of the region from where their trade goods were transported. This led to a very high prices of spice in Europe. So they desperately needed to find a new sea route to minimize this cost. Portuguese were the first to find a sea route to India.
Why was it important to find a water route from Portugal to India?
After Vasco da Gama found a way to the Indian Ocean around the tip of Africa, European monarchs were happy that they could get in on the spice trade while cutting out these interlopers. … Vasco da Gama tried to find a new route to Asia by traveling by water south from Portugal around Africa to try to reach Asia.
Who was the first sailor from Portugal to India?
Portuguese explorer Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast. Da Gama sailed from Lisbon, Portugal, in July 1497, rounded the Cape of Good Hope, and anchored at Malindi on the east coast of Africa.
Why did Portuguese fail in India?
The religious policy of the Portuguese was also responsible for their ruin. The establishment of the Mughal Empire was also partly responsible for the downfall of the Portuguese in India. The rise of the Dutch and English powers also created strong rivals in the country. They were more than a match for the Portuguese.
Who defeated Portuguese in India?
In 1961, the Indian army invaded the state after the Portuguese fired at Indian fishing boats, killing one fisherman. After 36 hours of air, sea and land strikes by the army, General Manuel Antonio Vassalo e Silva, governor general of Goa, signed the “instrument of surrender”, handing over Goan territory to India.