Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
Why did the Portuguese pick interest on the east African coast in the 15th century?
Portugal wanted to monopolize the Indian Ocean trade, and it wanted East African ports as supply stops for Portuguese ships traveling between Asia and Europe.
How did the Portuguese administer the coast of East Africa?
– They maintained law and order along the coast of East Africa by punishing law breakers. – The Portuguese used divide and rule policy which disunited the coastal people e.g. they allied with Malindi against Mombasa. – They used direct rule in areas where indirect rule had failed e.g. in Mombasa, Kilwa etc.
What did Portugal gain from Africa?
In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. Gold and diamonds were also extracted from these colonies.
Why were the Portuguese interested in the Kenyan coast?
Why were the Portuguese interested in establishing their control over the Kenyan coast during the 16th Century? The Kenyan coast was strategically located on the way to the East and could act as a base for their trading and navy ships.
What problems did the Portuguese face at the coast of East Africa?
– They faced political, social and economic problems at the coast of East Africa which hindered there administration. – They faced constant resistances (rebellions) from the coastal towns like Zanzibar, Pemba. Mombasa, Mafia, Kilwa etc.
Why did Portuguese ships first come to Africa?
It began with the Portuguese, who went to West Africa in search of gold. The first Europeans to come to Africa’s West Coast to trade were funded by Prince Henry, the famous Portuguese patron, who hoped to bring riches to Portugal.
How long were the Portuguese in Africa?
The Portuguese in Africa, 1415–1600.