The drug policy of Portugal, informally called the “drug strategy”, was put in place in 2000, and came into effect in July 2001. Its purpose was to reduce the number of new HIV/AIDS cases in the country, as it was estimated around half of new cases came from injecting drug use.
Why are drugs decriminalized in Portugal?
By ‘accepting the reality of drug use rather than eternally hoping that it will disappear as a result of repressive legislation’, Portuguese reform allows drugs to be treated as a health, rather than criminal justice, issue.
When did Portugal decriminalize all drugs?
Changes in Portugal’s Drug Law
In July 2001, Portugal decriminalized the personal use and possession of all illicit drugs.
What can we learn from the Portuguese decriminalization of illicit drugs?
It concludes that contrary to predictions, the Portuguese decriminalization did not lead to major increases in drug use. Indeed, evidence indicates reductions in problematic use, drug-related harms and criminal justice overcrowding.
What drugs are legal in Portugal?
Portugal decriminalised the use of all drugs in 2001. Weed, cocaine, heroin, you name it — Portugal decided to treat possession and use of small quantities of these drugs as a public health issue, not a criminal one.
Why is drugs legal in Netherlands?
The Dutch recognize that it is impossible to prevent people from using drugs altogether. Coffee shops are therefore allowed to sell small amounts of soft drugs. This pragmatic approach means that authorities can actually focus on the big criminals who profit from drugs and who supply hard drugs.
What would happen if all drugs were legal?
So while legalization would likely lead to more addiction and overdoses, chances are that would still be less harm than the suffering tied to the hundreds of thousands of drug-related arrests each year, the thousands of deaths linked to violence from the black market for drugs, and overdoses linked to impure drugs that …
Does decriminalization of drugs increase use?
Some states have legalized marijuana for recreational use, but others have taken more incremental steps toward decriminalizing pot. Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St.
Is drug use legal in Portugal?
Many people point to Portugal as an example for the United States to emulate in dealing with illicit drugs. But Portugal’s experience is often misunderstood. Although it decriminalized the use of all illicit drugs in small amounts in 2001, including heroin and cocaine, that’s different from making them legal.
Are drugs legal in Oregon?
On February 1, 2021, Oregon became the first state in the USA to decriminalize the possession of small quantities of illicit drugs.