Pope Alexander VI published a bull, ‘Inter caetera’, to divide the New World between Spain and Portugal. It decreed that all lands west and south of a meridian line 100 leagues west of the Azores and Cape Verde islands rightfully belonged to Spain.
Who led the creation of the Treaty of Tordesillas?
The Treaty of Tordesillas of 7 June 1494 involves agreements between King Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile and King John II of Portugal establishing a new demarcation line between the two crowns, running from pole to pole, 370 leagues to the west of Cape Verde islands.
How did Portugal benefit from his voyage?
How did Portugal benefit from the voyage of Vasco da Gama? They got a direct trade route to Asia. … How did the Dutch gain control of much of the Indian Ocean trade? they had over 20,000 vessels and they could control most of the Sea without Dutch East India Company.
Did Spain and Portugal ever go to war?
Spanish–Portuguese War (1762–63), known as the Fantastic War. Spanish–Portuguese War (1776–77), fought over the border between Spanish and Portuguese South America. War of the Oranges in 1801, when Spain and France defeated Portugal in the Iberian Peninsula, while Portugal defeated Spain in South America.
Why were Portugal and Spain rivals?
Europeans sought new trade routes to the silk and spices of Asia. These routes were blocked by hostile Muslim forces by the mid-fifteenth century. Seafaring techniques had improved, and Portugal and Spain were able to launch multi-ship voyages to distant lands. … By 1492, Spain had emerged as Portugal’s primary rival.
What was the purpose of the Treaty of Tordesillas A to end a war between Spain and Portugal?
The Treaty of Tordesillas, June 7, 1494. On June 7, 1494, Spain and Portugal agreed to fix the boundary between their respective domains along a meridian 370 leagues west of the Cape Verde islands. They established two areas in which they would have a monopoly over discovery, navigation, and trade.
Why did Pope Alexander VI settle the conflict between Spain and Portugal?
Answer: In 1493, Pope Alexander VI settled the conflict between Spain and Portugal about their rights to claim the lands they encountered during their explorations through the Treaty of Tordesillas.
Why did the pope give Portugal and Spain their specific areas to explore?
To establish their early claims, Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain called on Pope Alexander VI to decide on which country could explore and lay claim to certain areas. to ship goods or services to other countries or places for sale, exchange, etc.