|Colonial Brazil Brasil Colonial|
|Today part of||Brazil Uruguay|
When did Portugal gain control of Brazil?
Independence was gained with no significant struggle, the Portuguese crown prince becoming Emperor of Brazil in 1822. Slavery was abolished without a civil war in 1888. The Empire became a republic without a struggle in 1889.
What did the Portuguese do to the natives they found in Brazil?
Initially, the Portuguese bartered with the natives to bring brazilwood and other forest items to the coast. However, when the natives had accumulated all the tools and pots that they needed, they showed a lack of interest in continuing the arrangement. Consequently, the Portuguese turned to violent persuasion.
Why did the Portuguese bring African slaves to Brazil?
Gold and diamond deposits were discovered in Brazil in 1690, which sparked an increase in the importation of enslaved African people to power this newly profitable mining.
What resources did Portugal want from Brazil?
It added cotton and tobacco to sugar, gold, and diamonds on its list of exports. As the interior opened so did the opportunities for cattle ranching. Still, Portugal’s policies tended toward stripping Brazil of its resources rather than developing a truly local economy.