Which was an essential part of the economy of the Spanish and Portuguese colonies?

The answer is slave labor or just slaves. During the Spanish colonial period, the economy was founded on exploitation, both of land and of Native American labor.

In what ways were the Spanish and Portuguese empires similar?

In what ways were the Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas similar? They were similar by forcing the Natives to blend cultures, and using slave labor. They wanted to be a part of Span and Portugal’s growing wealth and power.

Which French religious thinker left the Catholic Church *?

In 1535, Calvin fled Catholic France and led the Reformation movement from Geneva, Switzerland.

What did Spanish Native American and African cultures contribute to the new American culture?

The Spanish learned Native American styles of building, ate foods native to America, and traveled in Native canoes. The settlers converted many Native Americans to Christianity. Settlers also introduced the horse. Africans brought farming methods, cooking styles, crops, and okra and palm oil.

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How did the Portuguese and Spanish make money from the Latin American colonies?

What other countries settled in the Americas, challenging the financial control enjoyed by the Spanish and Portuguese? How did the Portuguese and Spanish make money from their Latin American colonies? … The resulting exchange of plants and animals between Europe and the Americas.

Which of the following describes a major difference between the Spanish and Portuguese?

The correct answer is D. The Portuguese were the first to sail directly from Europe to India, while the Spanish were the first to sail directly to the Caribbean. … In 1498, the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama surrounded Africa by sea and got to India, establishing a direct way from Europe to the Asian subcontinent.

How did the Catholic Church respond to the Protestant Reformation?

The Catholic Counter-Reformation

As Protestantism swept across many parts of Europe, the Catholic Church reacted by making limited reforms, curbing earlier abuses, and combating the further spread of Protestantism. This movement is known as the Catholic Counter-Reformation.

What is the religious upheaval?

The Protestant Reformation was the 16th-century religious, political, intellectual and cultural upheaval that splintered Catholic Europe, setting in place the structures and beliefs that would define the continent in the modern era. Upheaval means a violent or sudden change.

How did religious turmoil Society during the late 1500s and early 1600s?

How did religious turmoil affect society during the 1500s? It caused changes in religion. It fostered fear and persecution of different religious groups. It brought about the creation of independent states.

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For what primary purpose did the Spanish enslave many American Indians?

Answer: The Spanish conquistadors enslaved American Indians because they needed labour to work in mines and grow sugar. Slavery in the Spanish American colonies was an economic and social institution which existed throughout the empire of Spain.

Why did African slavery replace the Encomienda system?

8. What replaced the Encomienda System? It was gradually replaced by African slave labor because Africans were more immune to European diseases than Natives.

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