|These are distant areas under the control of a military power.||Outposts|
|Why could Portugal not hold on to their trade empire?||Too much resistance from the natives and they lacked resources|
|This nationality challenged Portugal first for control of the spice trade.||Dutch (Netherlands)|
Which country challenged Portuguese power in Asia?
The Dutch Empire attacked many territories in Asia under the rule of the Portuguese and Spanish including Formosa, Ceylon, the Philippine Islands, and commercial interests in Japan, Africa (Mina), and South America.
Which European country challenged Portuguese authority in the Indian Ocean?
15. Which country was the first to challenge Portugal’s control of the Indian Ocean? Spain was the first to challenge Portugal’s position.
What two European countries eventually pushed Portugal out of the Indian Ocean trade?
and Dutch began to challenge Portugal’s dominance over the Indian Ocean trade. Spain and established the Dutch Republic. and English then battled one another for dominance of the area.
When was Portugal most powerful?
During the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal became a leading European power that ranked with England, France and Spain in terms of economic, political and cultural influence.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Which country has been colonized the longest?
If you allow “Pre Columbus colonies” these are the longest colonized areas. If you do not, in 1498 Portugal established colonies in Mozambique. Portuguese rule there lasted to 1975 as well, so Mozambique would have the longest stretch as a colony, if we use 1492 as the cutoff date.
How many countries did Portugal colonize?
Portugal’s empire, which survived for more than six centuries, was the first of the great European global empires and outlasted all others as well, surviving until 1999. Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world.
What did the Portuguese use slaves for?
Both groups of islands served as entrepôts for Portuguese commerce across vast regions of western Africa. Though São Tomé became an important sugar producer, the island also collected slaves for trans-shipment to Elmina, many of whom would be sold to local merchants and used to transport gold from the interior.
Who sold African slaves to the Portuguese?
Benin’s conflict over slavery is particularly intense. For over 200 years, powerful kings in what is now the country of Benin captured and sold slaves to Portuguese, French and British merchants.
Why was Portugal the first to explore?
The Portuguese hoped they could find their own route to the Indies and break the Venetian stranglehold. Because of their ignorance of the large size of the African continent, the Portuguese were obsessed with conquering Morocco in North Africa, which they saw as a stepping stone to control the gold trade.