Some 50,000 individuals, including at least 10,000 FRELIMO militants and 3,500 Portuguese soldiers, were killed during the conflict. Post-Conflict Phase (September 8, 1974-June 25, 1975): FRELIMO took over control of the government of Mozambique on September 20, 1974.
When did Portugal colonize Mozambique?
The voyage of Vasco da Gama around the Cape of Good Hope into the Indian Ocean in 1498 marked the Portuguese entry into trade, politics, and society in the Indian Ocean world. The Portuguese gained control of the Island of Mozambique and the port city of Sofala in the early 16th century.
How many slaves were taken from Mozambique?
After the British abolished the slave trade in 1807 efforts by the Royal Navy to suppress it in western Africa stimulated the trade in eastern Africa and the numbers exported rose dramatically, with approximately 1 million slaves exported from Mozambique during the 1800s (Stanford Undated; Crawfurd 2002).
Why did the Portuguese want Mozambique?
Mozambique was coveted by its neighbours for its riches, but above all because it was the natural outlet into the Indian Ocean for the countries of the interior. At the end of the 19th century, it found itself at the centre of a conflict of interests between the British and the Portuguese.
Why did Portuguese take over Angola?
Disputes over control of trade, particularly regarding slaves from Kongo and its neighbours, led the Portuguese to look for new allies, especially the Ndongo kingdom. After undertaking several missions there, the Portuguese established a colony at Luanda in 1575.
How many Portuguese live in Mozambique?
Mozambique’s cultural and linguistic ties with Portugal makes it relatively easy for Portuguese nationals to adjust to life in Mozambique. The Portuguese consulate in Maputo says there are 17,000 registered Portuguese nationals living in the southern provinces of Maputo, Gaza and Inhambane.