Around 1508 or 1511–1512, Portuguese captains reached and explored the River Plate estuary in the present-day Uruguay and Argentina, and went as far south as the present-day Gulf of San Matias at 42°S (recorded in the Newen Zeytung auss Pressilandt meaning “New Tidings from the Land of Brazil”).
When did Portugal begin to colonize South America?
As a coastal nation, they began to colonize the world by sea in the the 15th century. Portugal and Spain established settlements along their trade routes that disseminated their architecture onto the shores of Africa, the Americas, and Asia.
When did Spain and Portugal start to develop colonies in South America?
SPANISH EXPLORATION AND CONQUEST. The Spanish established the first European settlements in the Americas, beginning in the Caribbean and, by 1600, extending throughout Central and South America.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Why did Portugal want Mozambique?
Mozambique was coveted by its neighbours for its riches, but above all because it was the natural outlet into the Indian Ocean for the countries of the interior. At the end of the 19th century, it found itself at the centre of a conflict of interests between the British and the Portuguese.