The Invasion of Portugal (19–30 November 1807) saw an Imperial French corps under Jean-Andoche Junot and Spanish military troops invade the Kingdom of Portugal, which was headed by its Prince Regent João of Bragança (John of Braganza). The military operation resulted in the occupation of Portugal.
What is the reason of the Portuguese invasion?
The main Portuguese goal was trade, not colonization or conquest. Soon its ships were bringing into the European market highly valued gold, ivory, pepper, cotton, sugar, and slaves. The slave trade, for example, was conducted by a few dozen merchants in Lisbon.
Why did Napoleon not invade Portugal?
Napoleon’s ire was provoked because Portugal was Britain’s oldest ally in Europe, Britain was finding new opportunities for trade with Portugal’s colony in Brazil, the Royal Navy often used Lisbon’s port in its operations against France, and he wished to seize Portugal’s fleet.
What countries did Portugal colonize?
Portugal was one of the earliest European colonizing countries. It colonized Goa (India), East Timor, and Macau ( China), in Asia. Mozambique, Angola,…
Why did Portuguese fail in East Africa?
Due to poor climatic conditions, Portuguese rule come to an end in East Africa because they suffered from tropical disease example malaria, which killed Portuguese to the large extent and most of them were physically weakened which make then to fail to stand still for the long period of fighting.
Where does the Portuguese crown go into exile during the Napoleonic Wars?
Napoleonic Wars and Constitutionalist Revolution
During the invasion of Portugal (1807), the Portuguese royal family fled to Brazil, establishing Rio de Janeiro as the de facto capital of Portugal. From Brazil, the Portuguese king João VI ruled his trans-Atlantic empire for 13 years.
Why did Spain side with Napoleon?
Initially Spain was an ally of France and Napoleon sought co-operation from Spain for his invasion of Portugal. The Spanish monarchy co-operated because it hoped to secure Southern Portugal for itself. However Napoleon betrayed Spain and French troops also occupied Spanish territory.