On June 7, 1494, the governments of Spain and Portugal agreed to the Treaty of Tordesillas, named for the city in Spain in which it was created. The Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” of the Americas between the two superpowers.
How did the Portuguese gain control of South America?
But when the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) divided the world between Portugal and Spain along a north-south line 1,770 kilometers (1,100 miles) west of the Cape Verde Islands, Portugal unwittingly acquired the land that was to become known as Brazil. In 1500 Pedro Álvares Cabral (ca.
How did Portugal rule its colonies?
Type of Government
One of the most powerful of the European colonial empires, the Portuguese Empire was ruled by an absolute monarch. The empire included colonies in coastal Africa, India, Indonesia, China, the Middle East, and South America.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Was Portugal the most powerful country?
Portugal was the world’s richest country when its colonial empire in Asia, Africa, and South America was at its peak.
Was Portugal colonized or a colonizer?
Portugal, in the 20th century the poorest and least developed of the western European powers, was the first nation (with Spain) to establish itself as a colonial power and the last to give up its colonial possessions. In Portuguese Africa during the authoritarian regime of…
Why did Portugal want to colonize?
The Portuguese created colonies for numerous reasons: To trade for spices, gold, agricultural products, and other resources. To create more markets for Portuguese goods. To spread Catholicism.