In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. Gold and diamonds were also extracted from these colonies.
Where did Portugal explore?
Portugal, the western-most European country, was one of the primary players in the European Age of Discovery and Exploration. Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa.
What countries did Portugal colonize?
Portugal was one of the earliest European colonizing countries. It colonized Goa (India), East Timor, and Macau ( China), in Asia. Mozambique, Angola,…
How many continents did Portugal explore?
In addition to discovering Brazil, Cabral’s voyage was the first to touch four separate continents: South America, Asia, Africa, and Europe. It was also an important stepping stone in establishing the Portuguese spice trade.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Was Portugal the most powerful country?
Portugal was the world’s richest country when its colonial empire in Asia, Africa, and South America was at its peak.
Did Germany colonize any country?
Germany’s colonies included Togo, Cameroon, German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia), German East Africa (present-day Tanzania), three territories that are now in Papua New Guinea (Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the German Solomon Islands), and several territories in the Pacific: the Marshall …
Why did Portugal and Spain Explore Asia?
The Portuguese also established trading ports in India and, after the conquest of Malacca, in the Spice Islands. … Like the Portuguese, Columbus’s goal had been to reach Asia to tap into the lucrative spice trade. Columbus instead reached a “New World,” and the Spanish found themselves exploring vast new lands.