In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. Gold and diamonds were also extracted from these colonies.
What area was claimed for Portugal?
Tordesillas (1494) between Spain and Portugal, dividing the non-European world between them, gave the Portuguese a legal claim to a large part of the area to be called Brazil.
What territories did Portugal own?
Today, the only remaining Portuguese territories are the Azores, Madeira, and the Savage Islands. However, Portuguese is the official language of ten countries: Portugal, Brazil, Mozambique, Angola, Guinea-Bissau, East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Macau, Cape Verde, and São Tomé and Príncipe.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Why did Portugal start colonies?
The Portuguese created colonies for numerous reasons: To trade for spices, gold, agricultural products, and other resources. To create more markets for Portuguese goods. To spread Catholicism.
How did the Treaty of Tordesillas affect Portugal?
The 1494 Treaty of Tordesillas neatly divided the “New World” into land, resources, and people claimed by Spain and Portugal. … The treaty worked out well for the Spanish and Portuguese empires, but less so for the 50 million people already living in established communities in the Americas.
Did Germany colonize Africa?
Germany established colonies in South Africa in 1884 following the unification of Germany into a politically and administratively nation. Germany’s reign of imperialism lasted all the way up until 1914 which led to genocide, war, colonization, and invasion that greatly affected the native people for many years to come.
Was Portugal the most powerful country?
Portugal was the world’s richest country when its colonial empire in Asia, Africa, and South America was at its peak.