Portugal’s empire, which survived for more than six centuries, was the first of the great European global empires and outlasted all others as well, surviving until 1999. Its former possessions are now across 50 countries around the world.
What countries did Portugal colonize?
Portugal was one of the earliest European colonizing countries. It colonized Goa (India), East Timor, and Macau ( China), in Asia. Mozambique, Angola,…
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Did Germany colonize any country?
Germany’s colonies included Togo, Cameroon, German South-West Africa (present-day Namibia), German East Africa (present-day Tanzania), three territories that are now in Papua New Guinea (Kaiser-Wilhelmsland, the Bismarck Archipelago, and the German Solomon Islands), and several territories in the Pacific: the Marshall …
How did the Portuguese treat the natives in America?
Initially, the Portuguese bartered with the natives to bring brazilwood and other forest items to the coast. However, when the natives had accumulated all the tools and pots that they needed, they showed a lack of interest in continuing the arrangement. Consequently, the Portuguese turned to violent persuasion.
Why did Portugal start colonies?
The Portuguese created colonies for numerous reasons: To trade for spices, gold, agricultural products, and other resources. To create more markets for Portuguese goods. To spread Catholicism.