|Who were the first to challenge the Portuguese for control of the spice trade?||The Dutch, then the British and the French|
|Why was Spain able to conquer the Philippines so easily?||Unlike most peoples of Southeast Asia, the Filipinos were not united and were more easily conquered|
Who overthrew the Portuguese spice trade?
The shift in power began in the early 1600s when the Dutch seized a Portuguese fort in the Moluccas and then gradually pushed the Portuguese out of the spice trade.
What two countries challenged the Portuguese for control of the Indian Ocean trade?
English and Dutch started challenging the power Portugal had over the Indian Ocean trade. 1581 was when Dutch claimed there independence from the region and that was when the Dutch Republic was established.
What ended Portuguese control of the spice trade?
Cargoes were hijacked inland and taken to the Red Sea by coolies or bullocks over the mainland. When the 1590s rolled around, the Dutch attacked and successfully put an end to the Portuguese monopoly.
What spice makes up 2/3s of the spice trade in Europe?
|What dried berry makes up two-thirds of the spice trade in Europe?||pepper|
|What major obstacle does the Sultan face as he tries to capture Constantinople as the jewel of a new Islamic Empire?||defensive walls that are 4 miles long and 100 feet high|
Why did the Portuguese want to keep a monopoly on the spice trade?
Spices were so important because they helped mask the flavor of not-so-fresh food. … Considering the high demand of spices, the supply was scarce which contributed to its high costs.
How did the Portuguese impact maritime trade?
In conclusion, the Portuguese transformed and influenced the maritime trade system in the Indian Ocean by force. They took over trading cities, destroyed Muslim trade ships, and imposed taxes to get their way. Now the Portuguese are dominant in the region and are very wealthy.
Why did Portuguese fail in East Africa?
Due to poor climatic conditions, Portuguese rule come to an end in East Africa because they suffered from tropical disease example malaria, which killed Portuguese to the large extent and most of them were physically weakened which make then to fail to stand still for the long period of fighting.
How did the Portuguese change African slavery?
In 1455, Pope Nicholas V gave Portugal the rights to continue the slave trade in West Africa, under the provision that they convert all people who are enslaved. The Portuguese soon expanded their trade along the whole west coast of Africa.
What were the 3 aims of the Portuguese traders?
The traded gold and also spices , ivory and slaves for metals , cloth and manufactured goods . … The main goal of Portuguese empire was trade , not colonisation or conquest .
What caused the Dutch Portuguese war?
Initiated due to Dutch attacks on Portuguese settlements and trade lines, the conflict consisted mainly of skirmishes and battles fought over Portuguese ports, settlements and supplies. The initial conflict was focused in East India, where the Dutch met with great success in their capturing of land and supplies.
Why did Portuguese and Dutch withdraw from India by 18th century?
The Dutch East India Company, however, suffered from the same weakness as Portugal: lack of manpower. … The Battle of Hormuz in 1621/2 against the English East India Company resulted in the loss of the fortress of Hormuz to the combined forces of Persia and England which dislodged the Portuguese from the Middle East.