Depending upon their size and other characteristics, colonies were led by viceroys, governors, chief magistrates, or military garrisons who represented the power of the crown in Lisbon. Local colonial governance borrowed two important institutions from the European homeland.
Which colonies were controlled by Portugal?
In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. Gold and diamonds were also extracted from these colonies.
What type of rule did Portugal have over their colonies in Africa?
Politically too, Portuguese have always lived under dictatorship governments – whether the ruler was a monarch or president. Monarchy in Portugal survived until 1910. Moreover, at the period Portugal really established formal colonial administration in Central Africa, her home politics were in a state of chaos.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.
Was Portugal colonized or a colonizer?
Portugal, in the 20th century the poorest and least developed of the western European powers, was the first nation (with Spain) to establish itself as a colonial power and the last to give up its colonial possessions. In Portuguese Africa during the authoritarian regime of…
Why did Portuguese fail in East Africa?
Due to poor climatic conditions, Portuguese rule come to an end in East Africa because they suffered from tropical disease example malaria, which killed Portuguese to the large extent and most of them were physically weakened which make then to fail to stand still for the long period of fighting.
Was Portugal a world power?
From the late Middle Ages, in the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal ascended to the status of a world power during Europe’s “Age of Discovery” as it built up a vast empire, including possessions in South America, Africa, Asia, and Oceania. … It entered the European Economic Community (now the European Union) in 1986.