– They faced political, social and economic problems at the coast of East Africa which hindered there administration. – They faced constant resistances (rebellions) from the coastal towns like Zanzibar, Pemba. Mombasa, Mafia, Kilwa etc. which made their work difficult at the coast.
Why did Portuguese fail in East Africa?
Due to poor climatic conditions, Portuguese rule come to an end in East Africa because they suffered from tropical disease example malaria, which killed Portuguese to the large extent and most of them were physically weakened which make then to fail to stand still for the long period of fighting.
Why did the Portuguese gain control of the east African coast?
– The Portuguese wanted to avoid the traditional land route under Arab Muslims control, led to their coming to the coast of East Africa. – The need to obtain wealth from the East Africa coast like gold, ivory, copper etc. led to their coming to the coast.
How did the Portuguese administer the coast?
– They maintained law and order along the coast of East Africa by punishing law breakers. – The Portuguese used divide and rule policy which disunited the coastal people e.g. they allied with Malindi against Mombasa. – They used direct rule in areas where indirect rule had failed e.g. in Mombasa, Kilwa etc.
Why is Portuguese declining?
In 1603 and 1639 Goa was blockaded by Dutch fleets, though never captured, and in 1635 it was ravaged by an epidemic. Trade in Portuguese India was gradually monopolized by the Jesuits, and chroniclers throughout the late 17th century described the ever-increasing poverty and decay in areas under Portuguese control.
What parts of Africa did Portugal colonize?
In the 1500s, Portugal colonized the present-day west African country of Guinea-Bissau and the two southern African countries of Angola and Mozambique. The Portuguese captured and enslaved many people from these countries and sent them to the New World. Gold and diamonds were also extracted from these colonies.
Why were the Portuguese interested in the Kenyan coast?
Why were the Portuguese interested in establishing their control over the Kenyan coast during the 16th Century? The Kenyan coast was strategically located on the way to the East and could act as a base for their trading and navy ships.
Why did Portuguese ships first come to Africa?
It began with the Portuguese, who went to West Africa in search of gold. The first Europeans to come to Africa’s West Coast to trade were funded by Prince Henry, the famous Portuguese patron, who hoped to bring riches to Portugal.
Why did the Portuguese pick interest on the east African coast in the 15th century?
Portugal wanted to monopolize the Indian Ocean trade, and it wanted East African ports as supply stops for Portuguese ships traveling between Asia and Europe.