Why were the Portuguese so interested in exploring the African coast?
Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
What did the Portuguese seek in their exploration of Africa?
Access to commodities such as fabrics, spices, and gold motivated a European quest for a faster means to reach South Asia. It was this search that led the Portuguese down the coast of West Africa to Sierra Leone in 1460.
Why did the Portuguese want to find a sea route around Africa?
The country’s rulers wanted to find a new route to China and India. Also, they hoped to find a more direct way to get West African gold. … In 1487, Portuguese explorer Bartholomeu Dias explored the southernmost tip of Africa and named it the Cape of Good Hope.
How did the Portuguese change African slavery?
In 1455, Pope Nicholas V gave Portugal the rights to continue the slave trade in West Africa, under the provision that they convert all people who are enslaved. The Portuguese soon expanded their trade along the whole west coast of Africa.
What did the Portuguese attempt to achieve?
The Portuguese goal of finding a sea route to Asia was finally achieved in a ground-breaking voyage commanded by Vasco da Gama, who reached Calicut in western India in 1498, becoming the first European to reach India. The second voyage to India was dispatched in 1500 under Pedro Álvares Cabral.
What did the Portuguese trade with West Africa?
They traded gold, and also spices, ivory, and slaves for metals, cloth, and manufactured goods. Some people in Mali were farmers, who grew beans, squash, melons, and lemons.
What were the three main aims of the Portuguese traders?
The main goal of Portuguese empire was trade , not colonisation or conquest .
Which product did Portuguese explorers bring back from Africa to Europe?
He returned to Portugal in June 1501. Portugal’s explorers changed Europeans’ understanding of the world in several ways. They explored the coasts of Africa and brought back gold and enslaved Africans. They also found a sea route to India.
What things did Portuguese take back to Europe?
Calico: When the Portuguese first came to India in search of spices, they landed in Calicut on the Kerala coast in South-West India. The cotton textiles which they took back to Europe, along with the spices, came to be called “Calico” which was derived from Calicut.
Why did the Portuguese want to keep a monopoly on the spice trade?
Spices were so important because they helped mask the flavor of not-so-fresh food. … Considering the high demand of spices, the supply was scarce which contributed to its high costs.